Posted in News and Notices [Saturday, January 1st, 2011 ]
World Diabetes Day is held on 14th November of each year. It is primarily a global awareness campaign of the diabetes mellitus in the world.
It was introduced in 1991 by International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in response to the alarming rise of diabetes around the world.
This day also marks the birthday of Frederick Banting who along with Charles Best discovered insulin in 1922.
It is estimated that about 371 million people worldwide have diabetes mellitus.
There are two major forms of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a lack of insulin production and type 2 diabetes results from the body’s ineffective use of insulin.
A third type of diabetes is gestational diabetes.
This type is characterized by high blood sugar, which has first appeared or been recognized during pregnancy.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 accounts for around 90% of all diabetes worldwide. Reports of type 2 diabetes in children – previously rare – have increased worldwide. In some countries, it accounts for almost half of newly diagnosed cases in children and adolescents.
Cardiovascular disease is responsible for between 50% and 80% of deaths in people with diabetes. Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness, amputation and kidney failure.
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented.
Thirty minutes of moderate physical exercise 5 days a week and a healthy diet can drastically reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented.
Check your blood sugar, HbA1c, Lipid profile, Kidney function & urine microalbumin regularly. Keep them in normal range to prevent complications.